The deal is Amazon's largest ever acquisition, and points to expanding ambition in the grocery and brick-and-mortar space.

On Friday, Amazon announced a plan to acquire public grocery retailer Whole Foods for $13.7B, in what would be Amazon’s largest acquisition of all time by over 10x. Prior to the grocery chain acquisition, Amazon’s largest purchase was of e-commerce platform Zappos in 2009, for $1.2B; below that ranks its 2014 acquisition of gaming video platform Twitch for $970M.

While Amazon’s acquisitions have covered a range of areas, they have generally all been online or virtual businesses. For example, its other acquisitions in 2017 to date have been of UAE-based e-commerce marketplace Souq.com, productivity software Do.com, cloud-based design platform Thinkbox Software, and cybersecurity firm Harvest.ai. The Whole Foods deal is radically different, of course, in that it brings Amazon over 400 physical grocery stores — stores which can continue to sell products, while also potentially serving as warehousing outposts for last-mile delivery of online purchases of fast moving or perishable goods.

We used the CB Insights database to put together a chart of Amazon’s ten largest disclosed acquisition deals, topped by Whole Foods. See the list below.

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Top Amazon Acquisitions by Deal Size
Company Company Description Date Price Select Prior Investors
Whole Foods Market (Pending) Supermarket chain June 2017 $13.7B Public
Zappos E-commerce footwear and apparel marketplace July 2009 $1.2B Accelerator Ventures, Millennium Technology Value Partners, Sequoia Capital
Twitch Interactive Video platform and community for gamers September 2014 $970M Alsop-Louie Partners, Bessemer Venture Partners, Draper Associates, Felicis Ventures, Floodgate
Kiva Systems Warehouse robotics maker March 2012 $775M Bain Capital Ventures, Gold Hill Capital, Meakem Becker Venture Capital
Souq.com Middle East-based e-commerce marketplace March 2017 $580M Naspers, Tiger Global Management
Quidsi E-commerce platform and parent of Diapers.com (baby care), Soap.com (household essentials) and BeautyBar.com (prestige beauty) June 2011 $500M Accel Partners, Bessemer Venture Partners
Annapurna Labs Software solutions for data centers January 2015 $370M N/A
LOVEFiLM International DVD rentals and movie downloads and streaming January 2011 $312M Balderton Capital, Draper Esprit, Index Ventures, LocalGlobe, Octopus Ventures
Audible Audio programs and entertainment platform March 2008 $300M Public
AWS Elemental (formerly Elemental Technologies) Video streaming technology September 2015 $296M General Catalyst, Voyager Capital, Norwest Venture Partners

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