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About The University of Chicago Medicine

The University of Chicago Medicine is the hospital unit run through the University of Chicago.

The University of Chicago Medicine Headquarter Location

5841 S Maryland Ave

Chicago, Illinois, 60637,

United States

888-824-0200

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Latest The University of Chicago Medicine News

Solar Powered Medical Devices: Sponge-Like Solar Cells for Better Pacemakers

Jun 15, 2022

By Louise Lerner, University of ChicagoJune 15, 2022 University of Chicago scientists invented an entirely new way to make a solar cell: by etching holes in the top layer to make it porous. Above, a microscope image of a silicon membrane after the etching process. Credit: Image courtesy of the Tian lab Invented by University of Chicago scientists, a new kind of solar cell could spur useful technology. As solar technology has improved, with greater efficiencies and lower costs, more and more Americans are using it to power their homes. In fact, according to the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA), there is an estimated 97.2 gigawatts (GW) of solar power installed in the United States. For an idea of how much this is, it is roughly the energy needed to power 18 million average homes and makes up over 3% of U.S. electricity. But what about smaller-scale applications? There, solar power could have important benefits unrelated to the environmental advantages provided by large-scale solar power. Holes help make sponges and English muffins useful (and, in the case of the latter, delicious). Without holes, they wouldn’t be flexible enough to bend into small crevices, or to sop up the perfect amount of jam and butter. In a new study, University of Chicago scientists find that holes can also improve technology, including medical devices. Published in Nature Materials, the paper describes an entirely new way to make a solar cell: by etching holes in the top layer to make it porous. The innovation could form the basis for a less-invasive pacemaker, or similar medical devices. It could be paired with a small light source to reduce the size of the bulky batteries that are currently implanted along with today’s pacemakers. “We hope this opens many possibilities for further improvements in this field,” said Aleksander Prominski, the first author on the paper. A scanning transmission electron microscope image of the “spongy” solar cell after it’s made. The upper half shows the porous layer. Credit: Image courtesy of the Tian lab Light work Prominski is a member of the lab of University of Chicago chemist Bozhi Tian, which specializes in creating ways to connect biological tissue and artificial materials—such as wires to modulate brain signals and surfaces for medical implants . One of the areas they’re interested in is making devices that can be powered by light. We’re most familiar with this technology in the form of solar cells, but they can also use any light source, including artificial ones. When operating in the body, such devices are known as photoelectrochemical cells and can be powered from a tiny optical fiber implanted in the body. Normally, solar cells require two layers, which can be achieved either by combining the silicon with another material such as gold, or by mixing different kinds of atoms into each silicon layer. But UChicago scientists in the Tian lab found they could create a solar cell out of pure silicon if they made one layer porous, like a sponge. The resulting soft, flexible cell can be less than five microns across, which is about the size of a single red blood cell. It can then be paired with an optical fiber, which can be made as thin as a strand of human hair—significantly reducing the overall size of an implant, making it more body-friendly and less likely to cause side effects. The porous cell has multiple advantages over the ways to manufacture traditional solar cells, streamlining the production process while maintaining the efficacy of the final product. “You can make them in a matter of minutes, and the process doesn’t require high temperatures or toxic gases,” said Prominski. Added study co-author Jiuyun Shi: “When we measured them, we saw the photocurrent was really high—two orders of magnitude higher than our previous designs.” From left: Study co-authors Pengju Li, Aleksander Prominski, and Jiuyun Shi. Credit: University of Chicago Then, to boost the material’s ability to stimulate heart or nerve cells, they treat it with oxygen plasma to oxidize the surface layer. This step is counterintuitive for chemists, because silicon oxide most often works as an insulator, and “you don’t want the photoelectrochemical effect to be impeded by any insulating materials,” said Tian. In this case, however, oxidization actually helps by making the silicon material hydrophilic—attracted to water—which boosts the signal to biological tissues. “Finally, by adding a few-atoms-thick layer of metal oxide, you can further enhance the device properties,” said Pengju Li, another study co-author. Because all of the components can be made to be biodegradable, the scientists can imagine the technology being used for short-term cardiac procedures. Instead of a second surgery for removal, the parts would degrade naturally after a few months. The innovative approach might also be particularly useful for a procedure called cardiac resynchronization therapy which seeks to correct arrhythmias where the right and left chambers of the heart do not beat in time, because the devices could be placed in multiple areas of the heart to improve coverage. Prominski is also excited about possible applications for nerve stimulation. “You could imagine implanting such devices in people who have chronic nerve degeneration in the wrists or hands, for example, in order to provide pain relief,” he said. This novel way of making solar cells could also be of interest for sustainable energy or other non-medical applications. Because these solar cells are designed to work best in a liquid environment, UChicago scientists think they could be used in applications such as artificial leaves and solar fuels . Tian’s team is working with cardiac researchers at the University of Chicago Medicine to further develop the technology for eventual use in humans. They are also collaborating with the UChicago Polsky Center for Entrepreneurship and Innovation to commercialize the discovery. Reference: “Porosity-based heterojunctions enable leadless optoelectronic modulation of tissues” by Aleksander Prominski, Jiuyun Shi, Pengju Li, Jiping Yue, Yiliang Lin, Jihun Park, Bozhi Tian and Menahem Y. Rotenberg, 26 May 2022, Nature Materials.

The University of Chicago Medicine Acquisitions

1 Acquisition

The University of Chicago Medicine acquired 1 company. Their latest acquisition was Ingalls Health System on October 05, 2016.

Date

Investment Stage

Companies

Valuation
Valuations are submitted by companies, mined from state filings or news, provided by VentureSource, or based on a comparables valuation model.

Total Funding

Note

Sources

10/5/2016

$99M

Merger

1

Date

10/5/2016

Investment Stage

Companies

Valuation

$99M

Total Funding

Note

Merger

Sources

1

The University of Chicago Medicine Partners & Customers

7 Partners and customers

The University of Chicago Medicine has 7 strategic partners and customers. The University of Chicago Medicine recently partnered with CannonDesign on February 2, 2022.

Date

Type

Business Partner

Country

News Snippet

Sources

2/16/2022

Vendor

United States

CannonDesign Selected to Design University of Chicago Medicine New Breakthrough Cancer Center.

Caltech Selects Yazdani Studio for Resnick Sustainability Resource Center .

1

8/23/2018

Partner

United States

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10

8/9/2018

Partner

United States

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10

5/25/2016

Partner

United States

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10

12/1/2015

Vendor

United States

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10

Date

2/16/2022

8/23/2018

8/9/2018

5/25/2016

12/1/2015

Type

Vendor

Partner

Partner

Partner

Vendor

Business Partner

Country

United States

United States

United States

United States

United States

News Snippet

CannonDesign Selected to Design University of Chicago Medicine New Breakthrough Cancer Center.

Caltech Selects Yazdani Studio for Resnick Sustainability Resource Center .

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Sources

1

10

10

10

10

The University of Chicago Medicine Team

5 Team Members

The University of Chicago Medicine has 5 team members, including current Chief Security Officer, Erik Decker.

Name

Work History

Title

Status

Erik Decker

Chief Security Officer

Current

Todd Hollowell

Chief Technology Officer

Former

Heather Nelson

Elms College, Baystate Health, and Spectrum Health

Chief Information Officer

Former

Eric Yablonka

Chief Information Officer

Former

William Skip Hidlay

Chief Marketing Officer, Senior Vice President

Former

Name

Erik Decker

Todd Hollowell

Heather Nelson

Eric Yablonka

William Skip Hidlay

Work History

Elms College, Baystate Health, and Spectrum Health

Title

Chief Security Officer

Chief Technology Officer

Chief Information Officer

Chief Information Officer

Chief Marketing Officer, Senior Vice President

Status

Current

Former

Former

Former

Former

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