Riken manufactures automobile engine parts. The company's products include piston rings, valve sheets, camshafts, and crankshafts. Riken also makes pipe fittings, incinerators for industrial waste, and electromagnetic shielding materials. It was founded in 1927 and is based in Tokyo, Japan.
Latest Riken News
Sep 11, 2023
Text Size: A+ Saitama Prefecture [Japan], September 11 (ANI): A group of scientists established a new pressure scale that is essential for comprehending the composition of the Earth. This research was according to a study that was published in Science Advances. Show Full Article They discovered that the previous scale overstated pressure by more than 20 per cent at 230 gigapascals (2.3 million atmospheres), a pressure reached in Earth’s core, using x-rays from a very potent spectrometer at RIKEN’s SPring-8 Centre. This is comparable to someone who believes they ran a 42-kilometre marathon but discovers they actually only covered 34 kilometres. 20 per cent may appear to be a small correction, yet it has significant effects. An accurate pressure scale is critical for understanding the composition of the Earth. In particular, the core composition is hotly debated as it is important both for understanding our planet at present and for understanding the evolution of the solar system in the distant past. While it is generally accepted that the core is mostly iron, evidence from tracking the propagation of seismic waves from earthquakes suggests the core also contains lighter material. When the new scale was used to interpret the seismological model, the team found that the amount of light material in the inner core was about double what was previously expected, and indeed the total mass of light material in the entire core is probably five times, or more, that of the Earth’s crust – the layer that we live on. In the new work, the team, led by Alfred QR Baron of the RIKEN SPring-8 Center, and Daijo Ikuta and Eiji Ohtani of Tohoku University, used Inelastic X-ray Scattering (IXS) to measure the sound velocity of a rhenium sample under pressure. A tiny rhenium sample (<0.000000001 grams = 1 nanogram) was put under extreme pressure by crushing it between two diamond crystals in a Diamond Anvil Cell (DAC). The cell was placed in the large IXS spectrometer at BL43LXU (figure 2) and small (~1 ppm) shifts in the energy of the x-rays scattered from the rhenium were carefully measured, allowing the researchers to determine the sound velocity of the rhenium. They determined both compressional/longitudinal and shear/transverse sound velocities, and the density of the rhenium. That allowed the researchers to determine the pressure that the rhenium was subjected to. The new study provides a direct relationship between rhenium density and pressure. Baron says, “The density of rhenium at high pressure is straightforward and fast to measure, and there are many facilities worldwide where such measurements can be made. However, measuring the sound velocity is much more difficult, and, at these pressures, is probably only practically possible using RIKEN’s spectrometer at BL43LXU of SPring-8.” The team has done the heavy lifting so that other scientists can now use a much easier-to-measure density to determine pressure. As Ikuta, Ohtani, and Baron said, “When we used our new scale to interpret the behaviour of metallic iron under high pressure and compared it with the seismic model of the Earth, we found that the light material hidden in the inner core is probably about double what was previously expected. Similar changes, perhaps even larger in magnitude, may be expected in considering the structure of other planets. Our work also suggests a reassessment of the pressure dependence of nearly all material properties that have been measured at pressures similar or larger than that of the Earth’s core.” (ANI) This report is auto-generated from ANI news service. ThePrint holds no responsibility for its content. Subscribe to our channels on YouTube & Telegram Support Our Journalism India needs fair, non-hyphenated and questioning journalism, packed with on-ground reporting. ThePrint – with exceptional reporters, columnists and editors – is doing just that. Sustaining this needs support from wonderful readers like you. Whether you live in India or overseas, you can take a paid subscription by clicking here .
Riken Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
When was Riken founded?
Riken was founded in 1927.
Where is Riken's headquarters?
Riken's headquarters is located at 8-1, Sanbancho, Tokyo.
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Competitors of Riken include BorgWarner and 4 more.
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