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About Particle.One

Particle.One offers a platform to predict short-term movement in the commodity market using aritificial intelligence (AI) insights. The company generates predictions and analyzes the same using highly relevant sources in real-time. It mainly serves trading firms. The company was founded in 2019 and is based in Santa Clara, California.

Headquarters Location

3100 Central Expressway

Santa Clara, California, 95051,

United States



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Particle.One is included in 3 Expert Collections, including Capital Markets Tech.


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Latest Particle.One News

What Is a Neutrino? The Missing Key to Contemporary Physics Could Be a Ghost Particle

Apr 20, 2022

April 20, 2022 It arrived from deep area, relocating at the speed of gentle, and crashed into Antarctica. Deep below the ice, it met its end. It was not an asteroid or alien spacecraft, but a particle that seldom interacts with subject, recognized as a neutrino. Nevertheless theorized in the 1930s and initially detected in the 1950s, neutrinos manage a mysterious aura, and are usually dubbed “ghost particles” — they are not haunting or risky, but they just zip via the Earth devoid of us even noticing them. Oh, “and it is really a cool name,” according to astrophysicist Clancy James at Curtin University in Western Australia. In current years, ghost particles have been generating headlines for all kinds of factors and not just mainly because they have a awesome identify. That Antarctic collision was traced to a black hole that shredded a star, for instance, and other neutrinos appear to appear by way of the sun. In early 2022, physicists were ready to specifically pin down the approximate mass of a neutrino — a discovery that could support uncover new physics or crack the procedures of the Regular Product. Envision if we in fact captured a ghost and could say the specter was of an individual who experienced died. It would adjust everything we know about the universe. A ghost particle is really significantly a significant offer for the exact same cause, and that is why astrophysicists are striving to lure them. They’re thrilled, and here’s why you ought to be, too. The IceCube observatory in Antarctica. Erik Beiser, IceCube/NSF What is a neutrino? In a nutshell, a neutrino is a essential, subatomic particle. Underneath the Standard Product of particle physics it is categorised as a “lepton.” Other leptons incorporate electrons, the negatively billed particles that make up atoms, with protons and neutrons. But glance, if we get into all that, we’re heading to go serious deep on particle physics and it will explode our brains. The neutrino is exceptional since it has a vanishingly smaller mass and no electrical charge and it really is observed across the universe. “They are manufactured in the sunlight, in nuclear reactors, and when large-power cosmic rays smash into Earth’s environment,” says Eric Thrane, an astrophysicist at Monash College in Australia. They are also made by some of the most intense and impressive objects we know of, like supermassive black holes and exploding stars, and they have been also made at the starting of the universe: the Massive Bang. Like light, they journey in basically a straight line from in which they are made in space. Other charged particles are at the mercy of magnetic fields, but neutrinos just barrel by means of the cosmos without the need of impediment a ghostly bullet fired from a monstrous cosmic gun. And, as you read through this, trillions of them are zipping as a result of the Earth and straight as a result of you. They’re crashing into me right now? Of course, accurately. Just about every next of every day since the working day you ended up born, neutrinos have been shifting via your physique. You just do not know it mainly because they interact with barely everything. They will not smash into the atoms that make you up, and so you really don’t even know they’re there. Just like a shadowy spirit passing by means of a wall, the neutrino moves ideal on through. Fortuitously, you can find no exorcism necessary. But why need to I treatment about neutrinos? Finding out them for many years has thrown up a bit of a shock for researchers. Less than the common model, neutrinos should not have any mass. But they do. “The point they do details us to new physics to boost our comprehending of the universe,” notes James. The puzzle of the neutrino mass first arrived to light in the 1960s. Scientists experienced advised the sunlight must be developing what is actually recognized as electron neutrinos, a specific sort of the subatomic particle. But it wasn’t. This “solar neutrino dilemma” led to a breakthrough discovery: that neutrinos can alter flavor. Like an nearly-vacant bag of Mentos, the ghost particle comes in just a few distinctive flavors — electron, muon and tau — and they can adjust taste as they move by way of space (taste is the genuine terminology, I’m not creating that up for this analogy). For instance, an electron neutrino might be manufactured by the sunlight and then be later detected as a muon neutrino. And such a change implies the neutrino does have mass. Physics tells us they couldn’t adjust taste if they were being massless. Now investigate initiatives are centered on elucidating what the mass is. In a review published in the prestigious journal Nature in February 2022, researchers disclosed the mass of a neutrino to be very tiny (but undoubtedly there). Physicists ended up capable to present immediately, making use of a neutrino detector in Germany, that the utmost mass for a neutrino is all around 8-tenths of an electron volt (eV). That is an unfathomably little mass, much more than a million situations “lighter” than an electron. The is what a ghost hunter appears to be like: The key spectrometer of the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino Experiment (KATRIN) is manoeuvred by means of a street in southern Germany. Michael Latz/Getty Wait around! A neutrino detector? But are not they… ghost particles? How do you detect neutrinos? As James notes, “the darn matters primarily move straight as a result of regardless of what detector you build!” But there are a amount of methods to lure a ghost. 1 of the essential components you have to have is area. Actual physical place, deep underground. For fantastic effects, scientists have developed their neutrino detectors underneath meters of ice in Antarctica and, quickly, at the base of the ocean. This helps maintain the facts thoroughly clean from any interference from issues like cosmic rays, which would bombard the delicate detectors at the surface area. The detector in Antarctica, known as IceCube, is buried about 8,000 feet straight down. “Trapping” a ghost particle could not truly be the ideal terminology for what these detectors are carrying out. IceCube, for occasion, would not maintain any neutrinos prisoner. The particles mostly blast straight by the detector. But on the way, some incredibly (pretty!) not often interact with the Antarctic ice and develop a shower of secondary particles emitting a variety of blue light-weight recognised as Cherenkov radiation. A assortment of mild-sensing spherical modules, vertically arranged like beads on a string, decide up the light-weight individuals particles emit. A similar detector exists in Japan: Tremendous-Kamiokande. This works by using a 55,000 ton tank of water as a substitute of ice and is buried below Mount Ikeno. Both equally are able to detect which direction the neutrino arrived from and its taste. And so, physicists can see indicators the ghost particle was there, but not the ghost particle alone. It truly is kind of like a poltergeist — you can see the way it interacts with chairs (throwing them at you) and lights (menacingly switching them on and off), but you won’t be able to see the phantom alone. Spooky! The sunlight is recognised to produce a particular variety of neutrino NASA/SDO/ Wonderful. So what can we learn from neutrinos? Neutrinos are a elementary particle in our universe, which usually means they underlie, in some way, everything that exists. Discovering a lot more about neutrinos will support unlock some of the mysteries of physics. “Particle physicists study neutrinos in order to look for clues for physics over and above the Regular Model,” says Thrane. He notes that physicists want to comprehend if neutrinos violate some of the essential rules of the Typical Product. “This could lose mild on why you can find much more make a difference than antimatter in the Universe,” Thrane says, noting that the dilemma has been referred to as one particular of the terrific mysteries in physics. We also know that excessive cosmic objects and gatherings can produce them. For occasion, exploding stars, or supernovas, are recognised to produce neutrinos and shoot them throughout the universe. So are supermassive black holes chomping on gas, dust and stars. “Detecting neutrinos tells us about what is going on in these objects,” says James. Simply because they rarely interact with the encompassing make any difference, we could use neutrinos to see these types of objects and comprehend them in areas of the universe we won’t be able to review with other electromagnetic wavelengths (like optical mild, UV and radio). For case in point, scientists could peer into the coronary heart of the Milky Way, which is challenging to observe in other electromagnetic wavelengths for the reason that our see is interfered with by gasoline and dust. Responsible detection and tracing could promote an astronomy revolution akin to the a single we’re at present viewing with gravitational waves. Fundamentally, neutrinos can give us a complete new eye on the cosmos, complementing our current set of telescopes and detectors to reveal what’s heading on in the void. And then there are “sterile” neutrinos which… Oh god. What are sterile neutrinos? I in all probability should’ve saved people under wraps, but observing as you happen to be here, sterile neutrinos are a complete other course of neutrinos. They’re totally theoretical, but experts consider they very likely exist since of a element in physics known as chirality. Fundamentally, the ordinary neutrinos we have been discussing are what some connect with “still left-handed.” So, some physicists feel there may well be “suitable-handed” neutrinos — sterile neutrinos. They give them this name since they don’t interact with other particles by way of the weak force, like ordinary neutrinos. They interact only as a result of gravity. These types of neutrinos are regarded as a applicant for darkish issue, the stuff that makes up additional than a quarter of the universe but that we’ve under no circumstances witnessed. That usually means neutrinos might also support response one more vexing puzzle in physics: What, accurately, is dim make a difference? There are tons of candidates for dim make a difference theorized by physicists, and you can find nevertheless a great deal to study — it may well not be relevant to neutrinos at all! The 3 flavors of neutrino and the theoretical “sterile” neutrino. IceCube Collaboration Neat. Something else I want to know about neutrinos? As Deborah Conway after sang, “It is only the beginning, but I’ve presently absent and missing my thoughts.” We haven’t gotten into some of the extra thoughts-blowing theories about neutrinos, like neutrinoless double beta decay and the idea of the neutrino as a Majorana particle. Several new neutrino experiments have been proposed, which includes the Huge Radio Array for Neutrino Detection, or GRAND, which would see up to 200,000 receivers put. The complete area of the array is developed to be about the same dimensions as Good Britain. The first 10,000 antennas are anticipated to be positioned on the Tibetan plateau, in close proximity to the metropolis of Dunhuang, in the following handful of several years. Though we have been capable to detect and trace only a few neutrinos so significantly, the future 10 years need to see neutrino astronomy definitely just take off. The base line is that being familiar with neutrinos, their flavors and masses, will give a window into the basic nature of our universe. And it truly is generally neat to chase ghosts. Initially published on April 17.

Particle.One Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

  • When was Particle.One founded?

    Particle.One was founded in 2019.

  • Where is Particle.One's headquarters?

    Particle.One's headquarters is located at 3100 Central Expressway, Santa Clara.

  • What is Particle.One's latest funding round?

    Particle.One's latest funding round is Unattributed.

  • How much did Particle.One raise?

    Particle.One raised a total of $3.2M.

  • Who are the investors of Particle.One?

    Investors of Particle.One include Alchemist Accelerator, Happiness Ventures and Winter Capital.

  • Who are Particle.One's competitors?

    Competitors of Particle.One include Vortexa and 3 more.


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