Latest CFM International News
Sep 17, 2021
GE Aviation awarded sustainable aviation funding U.S. FAA CLEEN III technologies funding is GE’s third award since 2010. GE Aviation is advancing groundbreaking work to develop noise and emissions-reducing technologies for aircraft engines under a research partnership announced by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). GE and the U.S. FAA will invest nearly $55 million during five years to accelerate development of a series of technologies for more sustainable aviation , including open fan engine architecture, electrification, noise-lowering technologies, and more, as well as ongoing research into alternative jet fuels through the FAA‘s Continuous Lower Energy, Emissions and Noise (CLEEN) program. This is the third CLEEN award GE Aviation has received since 2010. "GE Aviation has a robust pipeline of breakthrough technologies to help achieve our ambitious decarbonization goals for aircraft engines. This investment by the U.S. FAA brings us another step closer to introducing open fan, hybrid electric and new engine core technologies to our customers sooner, improving fuel efficiency and lowering carbon emissions from aviation,” said Arjan Hegeman, general manager of advanced technologies for GE Aviation. GE Aviation and Safran in June 2021 launched a bold technology development program targeting more than 20% lower fuel consumption and CO2 emissions compared to today’s most efficient engines. The CFM RISE (Revolutionary Innovation for Sustainable Engines) Program will demonstrate and mature a range of new, disruptive technologies for future engines that could enter service by the mid-2030s. Funding from the CLEEN program supports research and development efforts for several of the most promising technologies to achieve CFM RISE Program goals for a major step-change reduction in carbon emissions for future, next-generation single-aisle aircraft engines. Technologies being funded by CLEEN Phase III include: • Open fan – GE Aviation and its partners plan to mature and test an open fan engine architecture, in which fan blades are not enclosed by a fan case. Open fans increase air flow, which could create greater propulsive efficiency for future aircraft engine applications. These studies will leverage previous successful results and new technology to evaluate and mature open fan noise strategies. • Acoustics – Plans to advance acoustic technologies for new engine architectures include developing novel acoustic liners and outlet guide vanes to reduce noise. • Low emissions combustor – GE Aviation will test new combustor technology designs that lower nitrogen oxides (NOx), as well as non-volatile particulate matter emissions. • Hybrid-electric – CLEEN III funding will help mature an electric machine that is a critical part of an overall integrated electric power generation system. • Advanced thermal management – Also key to lower carbon emissions is continually advancing thermal management in a jet engine’s core. GE Aviation is developing heat recovery systems among other thermal management technologies that can handle hotter core temperatures to improve efficiency and reduce fuel burn. • Alternative jet fuels – Through CLEEN III, GE Aviation engineers will continue their research and development efforts into alternative fuels, such as Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) . These efforts will look to increase SAF blending limits beyond 50% and explore the best ways to enable standardization of a 100% SAF that does not require blending with petroleum-based jet fuel. All GE Aviation and its partners engines can operate with approved SAF, which is produced from sustainable feedstocks and other alternative processes, lowering lifecycle carbon emissions up to 80% compared to petroleum-based fuels. GE has been actively involved in assessing and qualifying SAF since 2007 and works closely with producers, regulators, and operators to help ensure that sustainable fuel can be widely adopted for use in aviation. Previous CLEEN awards announced in 2010 and 2015 supported GE Aviation technology advancements, including Twin-Annular Pre-mixing Swirler (TAPS) combustor designs that led to technology now in CFM LEAP and GE9X engines, open fan architecture, Flight Management Systems, alternative fuels, and electrification. RISE (Revolutionary Innovation for Sustainable Engines) is a trademark of CFM International, a 50/50 joint company between GE and Safran Aircraft Engines. LEAP engines are a product of CFM. Boeing has released its annual forecast for the commercial, defense, and space aerospace market, reflecting signs of the industry's recovery following the impacts of COVID-19. The 2021 Boeing Market Outlook (BMO) – Boeing's analysis of long-term market dynamics – states that commercial airplanes and services are showing signs of recovery, while the global defense, space and government services markets have remained stable. The BMO projects a $9 trillion market through the next decade for aerospace products and services that Boeing addresses. The forecast is up from $8.5 trillion a year ago, and up from $8.7 trillion in the pre-pandemic 2019 forecast, reflecting the market's continued recovery progress. "As our industry recovers and continues to adapt to meet new global needs, we remain confident in long-term growth for aerospace," said Boeing Chief Strategy Officer Marc Allen. "We are encouraged by the fact that scientists have delivered vaccines more rapidly than imaginable and that passengers are demonstrating strong confidence in airplane travel." The new Commercial Market Outlook (CMO) reflects that the global market is recovering largely as Boeing projected in 2020. Demand for domestic air travel is leading the recovery, with intra-regional markets expected to follow as health and travel restrictions ease, followed by long-haul travel's return to pre-pandemic levels by 2023 to 2024. Within the Boeing Market Outlook, the CMO projects 10-year global demand for 19,000 commercial airplanes valued at $3.2 trillion. Boeing's 20-year commercial forecast through 2040 projects demand for more than 43,500 new airplanes valued at $7.2 trillion, an increase of about 500 planes over last year's forecast. In a significant area of growth, projected demand has increased for dedicated freighters, including new and converted models. With sustained demand for air cargo tied to expanding e-commerce and air freight's speed and reliability, the CMO projects the global freighter fleet in 2040 will be 70% larger than the pre-pandemic fleet. "The aerospace industry has made important progress in the recovery, and Boeing's 2021 forecast reflects our confidence in the resilience of the market," said Stan Deal, president and CEO, Boeing Commercial Airplanes. "While we remain realistic about ongoing challenges, the past year has shown that passenger traffic rebounds swiftly when the flying public and governments have confidence in health and safety during air travel. Our industry continues to serve an essential role of bringing people together and transporting critical supplies." Highlights of the new 20-year CMO forecast include: The availability and distribution of COVID-19 vaccines will continue to be critical factors in the near-term recovery of passenger air travel. Countries with more widespread vaccination distribution have shown rapid air travel recovery, as governments ease domestic restrictions and open borders to international travel. Passenger traffic growth is projected to increase by an average of 4% per year, unchanged from last year's forecast. The global commercial fleet will surpass 49,000 airplanes by 2040, with China, Europe, North America and the Asia-Pacific countries each accounting for about 20% of new airplane deliveries, and the remaining 20% going to other emerging markets. Demand for more than 32,500 new single-aisle planes is about equal to the pre-pandemic outlook. These models continue to command 75% of deliveries in the 20-year forecast. Carriers will need more than 7,500 new widebody airplanes by 2040 to support fleet renewal and long-term passenger and air cargo demand growth in longer-haul markets. These projections are up slightly compared to 2020 but remain down 8% from 2019. Airplane demand, 2021-2040 Collins Aerospace , a Raytheon Technologies business, unveiled Lilac-UV, an ultraviolet (UV) lighting solution to sanitize aircraft interiors nearly anywhere a light is installed inside an aircraft. Lilac-UV emits a slight violet light that disinfects surfaces in seconds to minutes, depending on lamp configuration and specific pathogen. Lilac-UV can be applied in lavatories, galleys, flight decks, cargo bays, and throughout the cabin, and can be set for scheduled cleanings or manual applications during or between flights. The sanitizing light, combined with other hygienic measures taken onboard aircraft, gives added peace of mind and protection to passengers while also reducing aircraft downtime for manual cleaning. Lilac-UV uses technology developed by The Boeing Co. as part of a licensing agreement granting Collins the ability to build on Boeing's UV technology for in-flight operation. "At the heart of this project is the desire to continue to build the public's trust and confidence in air travel as passengers return to the skies," said Cynthia Muklevicz, vice president of business development for Collins Aerospace. "Collins and Boeing share the common goal to redefine air travel, a commitment to collaboration and the technical research and development expertise to bring this game-changing, hygienic technology to market for the benefit of air-travelers around the world." The new Collins-developed sanitizing lighting system operates with an intelligent dosage controller – for scheduled cleanings and manual treatments – and an occupancy detector for enclosed spaces, such as an airplane lavatory. "Our design allows for installation anywhere in the cabin with minimal or no hardware design changes, enabling users to switch to a higher power lamp or change the number of lamps based on application," said Bridget Sheriff, vice president of engineering at Collins Aerospace. "The intelligent controller automatically adjusts to manage power consumption and offers scientifically proven disinfection of spaces during and between flights." A finalist for the 2021 Crystal Cabin Award in the "Clean & Safe Air Travel" category, the Lilac-UV sanitizing system will be available for new cabins or retrofittable to existing interior spaces. Lockheed Martin is bringing new F-16 manufacturing work to its facility in Johnstown, Pennsylvania. The work will generate 80 new jobs in the city and the company plans to lease a new building to accommodate it. Wayne Davis, director at Lockheed Martin’s Johnstown site, says Lockheed Martin continues to see demand for new F-16s around the world, requiring development of additional parts manufacturing sites to ensure it can keep up with demand. “Johnstown’s selection for this new work reflects the highly skilled workforce in the area, a record of quality production and the space available to expand,” Davis said. “We are proud to grow our presence in Johnstown and to contribute to the acceleration of jobs.” F-16 parts to be produced in Johnstown include the aft engine access covers, engine access doors, F-1 fuel tank, and inlet. Upon completion in Johnstown, the parts will be shipped to Greenville, South Carolina , for final assembly and integration into the F-16s on the production line. This is in addition to F-16 component and sub-assembly work already performed at the site today. Early work in Johnstown will kick off this year, with the bulk of hiring and other significant efforts beginning in 2022. In addition to the F-16 work, the Johnstown facility also provides parts and services for the F-35 and F-22 fighter jets, and the C-130 military transport aircraft. In addition to the nearly 400 jobs already in place at the site today, Lockheed Martin maintains a strong presence in the Johnstown community, giving more than $42,000 to local organizations and efforts last year. More than 3,000 F-16s are operating today in 25 countries. The F-16 has flown an estimated 19.5 million flight hours and at least 13 million sorties. Today’s latest version, the Block 70/72, will be flown by at least five countries beginning in the mid-2020s.